डीडी / एआईआर न्यूज

  • While the maximum temperature shot up to 44 degrees Celsius at Safdarjung, which was four degrees above the normal, the mercury touched 46 degrees Celsius at Palam, which was six degrees above the normal.  The met department has warned the day maximum temperatures are "very likely" to remain in the range of 42 to 45 degrees Celsius in most parts of central and northwest India over the next few days.  

  • Physical activity, including less vigorous forms such as walking and cycling, reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, but despite this well-known benefit, levels of activity are still low in many countries. There are concerns that many peoples' lives involve increasingly sedentary occupations and little opportunity for leisure time physical activity. Researchers from the University of Cambridge, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and Imperial College London in the UK set out to investigate the associations between using alternatives to the car which are more active for commuting and non-commuting purposes, and illness and mortality. For the study published in the journal Heart, they used data on 3,58,799 participants collected between 2006 and 2010. People were followed up for an average of seven years. They were asked about their commute and non-commute travel and to detail whether they relied exclusively on the car or used alternative modes of transport that were more active at least some of the time. Outcome measures used were incident and fatal cardiovascular disease (CVD), incident and fatal cancer, and all-cause mortality. Approximately two-thirds of commuters relied exclusively on the car to travel to work, with more active travel patterns being more frequently reported for non-commuting travel. Cycling was less prevalent, being mentioned by 8.5 per cent and 7 per cent of regular commuters for commuting and non-commuting travel, respectively, and by 4.8 per cent of other participants. Analysis of the data showed that regular commuters with more active patterns of travel on the commute had a 11% lower risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and 30 per cent lower risk of fatal CVD. Those regular commuters who also had more active patterns of commute and non-commute travel combined had an even lower risk of fatal CVD - 43 per cent less risk. Among people who were not regular commuters, more active patterns of travel were associated with an 8 per cent lower risk of all-cause mortality. Researchers concluded that interventions that encourage people to make more use of public transport, walking and cycling could be more widely promoted, including by clinicians.  

  • The study, published in the journal Electronic Markets, found that adult consumers across all age groups perceive ownership of e-books very differently than ownership of physical books, and this could have important implications for those in the business of selling digital texts. "We looked at what's called psychological ownership, which is not necessarily tied to legal possession or legal rights, but is more tied to perceptions of 'what is mine'," said Sabrina Helm, an associate professor at University of Arizona in the US. Peoples' sense of psychological ownership is affected by three primary factors: whether they feel like they have control over the object they own, whether they use the object to define who they are, and whether the object helps give them a sense of belonging in society, said Helm. "Psychological ownership is important in people's perception of how they value certain products or services or objects," she said. "In the context of digital products, we thought it would be appropriate to look at how people take ownership of something that's not really there - it's just a file on your computer or device or in the Cloud; it's more of a concept than an actual thing," said Helm. Researchers convened four focus groups in different age ranges: one group of Baby Boomers; one group of members of Generation X; and two groups of millennials. The millennial groups were split into current college students and older millennials. The researchers moderated discussions with the groups about their feelings surrounding ownership of physical books versus e-books. Participants across all age groups reported feeling a constricted sense of ownership of digital books versus physical books, based on the fact that they do not have full control over the products. For example, they expressed frustration that they often could not copy a digital file to multiple devices. Along similar lines, many study participants lamented restrictions on sharing e-books with friends, or gifting or selling the books, saying this made e-books feel less valuable as possessions than physical books. Participants described being more emotionally attached to physical books, and said they use physical books to establish a sense of self and belonging. Participants across age groups frequently spoke about their nostalgia for certain childhood books. They also talked about experiencing physical books through multiple senses - describing, for example, the sound, smell and tactile experience of opening a new book, and the ability to highlight or write notes on paper pages. Participants also said they use their physical book collections to express their identity to others who might be perusing their shelves. E-books did not have these associations. Minimalists expressed a preference for digital books because they take up less physical space, researchers said. Many participants said the e-book experience feels more like renting than buying. While almost everyone expressed strong attachment to physical books, and no one embraced a fully digital reading experience, older consumers, contrary to what one might expect, saw more advantages than younger consumers to reading with an e-reader. They referenced physical benefits that might not be as relevant to younger consumers, like the lightweight nature of e-readers and the ability to zoom in on text.  

  • "Fourteen priests no longer are allowed to carry out their duties...These priests have taken part in actions that may be civilian crimes as well as within the church," the bishop's office in the city of Rancagua said. Just Friday, 34 Chilean bishops announced their resignation over the child sex abuse scandal. The striking announcement came after the pontiff summoned the bishops over the scandal. Several members of the Chilean church hierarchy are accused by victims of ignoring and covering up child abuse by Chilean pedophile priest Fernando Karadima during the 1980s and 1990s. On Thursday evening, Francis promised "changes" to the Chilean church to "restore justice" in a short declaration to the bishops, made public. But in a confidential 10-page document leaked Friday by Chilean TV channel, the Argentine pope goes much further in his indictment of the Chilean Church. The letter -- handed to the bishops at the start of their meetings with Francis -- evokes "crimes" and "painful and shameful sexual abuse of minors, abuses of power and conscience by ministers of the Church". It qualifies the removal of certain prelates from their roles as necessary but "insufficient," calling for "the roots" that allowed such abuse within an "elitist and authoritarian" Chilean Church to be examined. Some analysts note that Chile's long tradition of having the church not subject to civilian law lent itself to impunity and cover-ups. The damning letter also outlines findings of an investigation, ordered by Pope Francis, into the abuse allegations. It says the probe found senior church officials had destroyed proof in cases of sex abuse and that certain members of the clergy who had displayed immoral behavior had been transferred to other dioceses after attempts to "minimize" the gravity of their actions. Grave accusations "were superficially qualified as improbable," the letter says, denouncing bishops for their "terrible negligence in protecting children." Francis has apologized to the victims, three of whom he recently received at the Vatican, and admitted he had made "grave mistakes" after reading the 2,300-page report on the abuse in Chile. Since 2000, about 80 Roman Catholic priests have been reported to authorities in Chile for alleged sexual abuse. 

  • Asian shares drifted lower after US President Donald Trump said he was not satisfied with bilateral trade talks with China that occurred last week. Meanwhile, China announced on Tuesday that it would reduce tariffs on some vehicles to 15 per cent from as much as 25 per cent. Tariffs on certain automotive parts would also be cut. The rupee deprecating against the dollar also dampened sentiment. The 30-share index dropped 60.79 points or 0.17 per cent to 34,590.45. The gauge had gained 35.11 points in the previous session. In similar fashion, the NSE Nifty fell 19.80 points, or 0.18 per cent to 10,516.90. Sectoral indices led by metal, realty, oil and gas and auto were trading in the negative zone, falling up to 1.29 per cent. Major losers were Tata Steel, IndusInd Bank, Dr Reddy's, Hero Motocorp, M&M, HDFC Ltd, Maruti Suzuki, Bajaj Auto, Asian Paints, Adani Ports, Bharti Airtel, Kotak Bank, HDFC Bank, Wipro, ONGC and RIL, falling up to 2.45 per cent. Brokers said sentiment remained weak in the absence of any positive trigger amid sustained capital outflows. Foreign portfolio investors (FPIs) sold shares worth a net Rs 1,651.63 crore while domestic institutional investors (DIIs) bought shares worth Rs 1,496.83 crore Tueday, as per provisional data. In the Asian region, Japan's Nikkei fell 1.08 per cent and Hong Kong's Hang Seng shed 1.08 per cent in early trade. China's Shanghai Composite index too was down 0.89 per cent. The Dow Jones Industrial Average ended 0.72 per cent lower in yesterday's trade as uncertainty over trade policy and other geopolitical issues weighed on sentiment. 

  • Roth wrote more than 30 books, including the 1991 memoir "Patrimony," which examined his complex relationship with his father and won the National Book Critics Circle Award, and "American Pastoral," for which he won the Pulitzer Prize in 1998.

  • The private aerospace company headed by Elon Musk said the rocket carried two earth monitoring satellites used for tracking the movement of the Earth's mass, plus five communication satellites for Iridium, which SpaceX called the "only satellite communications network that spans the entire globe". It said the Iridium satellites are part of the the company's "campaign to replace the world's largest commercial satellite network". The launch occurred at 12:47 p.m. local time (1947 GMT) from Vandenberg Air Force Base north of Santa Barbara. SpaceX said data from the twin GRACE satellites can be used to monitor "changes in ice sheets and glaciers, underground water storage, water in large lakes and rivers, and sea level, providing a unique view of Earth's evolving climate".

  • A Boeing 737 leased to national carrier Cubana de Aviacion crashed shortly after taking off from Havana's Jose Marti airport on Friday, with 113 passengers and crew aboard. Just two survivors remain -- both Cuban woman who are fighting for their lives at Havana's Calixto Garcia hospital. "I can inform you that we have identified 50 of the bodies through Tuesday midday," Forensics Office Director Sergio Rabell told a news conference. The Mexicans identified include the pilot, Angel Luis Nuez Santos, 53, and the co-pilot, Miguel Angel Arreola Ramirez, 40. Still awaiting identification are the remains of a couple from Argentina, a Mexican tourist, a passenger from Western Sahara, and some 50 Cubans, Rabell added. The Cuban government is investigating the cause of the crash and some of those killed have already been buried. Transport Minister Adel Yzquierdo has said one of the plane's two black boxes had been recovered in "good condition," and the other was likely to be found. Their data will be key to determining what happened. The 39-year-old plane, leased from a Mexican company, Global Air, was on a domestic flight to the eastern city of Holguin, where most of the passengers were from. In Mexico, Global Air's operations were suspended so that Mexican aviation authorities can run inspections of the aircraft it leases following the tragedy in Cuba. The review will again inspect aircraft already certified as safe to fly, and assist as needed in the investigation of the accident in Cuba, a company statement said. Built in 1979, according to the Mexican government, the Boeing 737 that crashed last passed inspection in November 2017. The accident happened Friday at 12:08pm (1608 GMT). The plane crashed in a potato field close to Havana's airport. Witnesses and airport officials said that the aircraft plunged as it was making its first turn after take-off. Most of the plane was reduced to a mangled carcass of burned metal. It came down just 200 meters from houses between the Boyeros and Santiago de Las Vegas districts south of Havana.  

  • One gendarme was killed in the fighting in the Rayongo neighbourhood, while five people, including one civilian, were injured, the Minister of Security, Clement Sawadogo, said. Ouagadougou has been hit by several Islamist militant attacks in recent years. In March, militants from a Mali-based al Qaeda affiliate killed eight people and wounded dozens more in coordinated raids on the army headquarters and French embassy. Burkinabe soldiers and police have also come under repeated attack near the borders with Mali and Niger, where militant groups linked to al Qaeda and Islamic State easily cross the porous frontiers. "I think there is no point in calling them 'suspected' terrorists since they had a arsenal for combat which they used to respond to our men. So this is proof, clear and simple, that they were terrorists, equipped to carry out missions. A fourth one was captured who was near the toilet and this latter one will be used (part of) in the investigation. Unfortunately in this operation, a high risk operation, we lost one of our valiant men who died of his injuries and four others were injured and are now in hospital. Two civilians were also injured," Burkina Faso minister of security, Clement Sawadogo informed.   

  • Trump raised doubts about the Singapore summit in talks with South Korean President Moon Jae-in, who came to Washington to urge Trump to not let a rare opportunity with the reclusive North Korea slip away. If the summit is called off or fails, it would be a major blow to what Trump supporters hope will be the biggest diplomatic achievement of his presidency, and a huge disappointment for the President himself. "And you know, there's a chance that it will work out. There's a chance, there's a very substantial chance, that it won't work out. I don't want to waste a lot of time and I'm sure he doesn't want to waste a lot of time. So there's a very substantial chance that it won't work out and that's okay. That doesn't mean it won't work out - over a period of time. But it may not work out for June 12th. But there's a good chance that we'll have the meeting," Trump told reporters at the White House. South Korea's Moon Jae-in said, "And we find ourselves standing one step closer to the dream of achieving complete denuclearization on the Korean peninsula and world peace. All this was possible because of you, Mr. President, and I have no doubt that you will be able to complete, accomplish, a historic feat that no one had been able to achieve in the decades past. I have to say that the fate and the future of the Korean peninsula hinge on this and, as such, I'll spare no effort to the end to support the success of the upcoming U.S.-North Korea summit and stand with you all along the way." 

  • Governor Vajubhai Vala will administer the oath of office and secrecy to Kumaraswamy. Congress Leader G. Parameshwara will also be sworn in as Deputy Chief Minister. 32 ministers and portfolio allocations will be decided after the floor test of the coalition government. There are 221 elected members in the Legislative Assembly, and the coalition partners have 117 members, including one BSP and two independents. Meanwhile, BJP has decided to observe Kumaraswamy's swearing-in as 'Anti-People's Mandate Day' across the state on Wednesday.  It dubbed the Congress-JD(S) alliance as "unholy" and claimed that the government will not complete its full term. 

  • There could soon be relief from rising petrol and diesel prices. BJP chief Amit Shah said that the govt is taking serious note of the issue with Petroleum Minister Dharmendra set to discuss the matter with heads of oil companies soon. He said the govt was working on a formula to ease fuel prices at the earliest. The retail price of fuel is linked with the international market and the recent rise in petrol diesel is largely because the changing geopolitical situation. Blaming the international rise in crude oil prices on fresh US sanctions on Iran IOC Chairman Sanjeev Singh said the company cannot operate if prices don't match global prices. BJP Chief Amit Shah has said that the party's Gram Swaraj Abhiyan has been a success..He said that this helped govt programmes reach the doorstep of the poorest of poor in 16,850 villages in a short period of 20 days..The BJP President said now the goal is to ensure 100% benefit of govt's electrification and LPG supply initiatives to 65,000 villages. The BJP has claimed massive success in the execution of the many government programs through its Gram Swaraj Abhiyan conducted  between the 14th of April and May 5th.  BJP chief Amit Shah said that 16,800 villages have received the direct benefits of 7 ambitious govt programs including gas and electricity connections. The Gram Swaraj Abhiyan is the first campaign since independence launched by any govt to attempt to resolve the problems of nearly 16,850 villages. The BJP President has assured that the campaign will be taken further. The target is to supply gas and electricity to  65,000 of 115 districts by the 15th of August 2018. Shah said that instead of the poor seeking the govt it will now be the other way round. Here's a look at the programs that the Gram Swaraj Abhiyan focussed on - ---- 10 lakh 93,000 new gas connections distributed under Ujjwala Yojana ----Electricity to 5 lakh 2, 434 families under Saubhagya Yojana ----16,682 villages supplied with nearly 25 lakh  LED bulbs Under Ujala Yojana.  ---20 lakh 53 , 599 bank accounts opened Under Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana   --- Under Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Yojana  more than16 lakh people benefitted --- 26 lakh10, 506 people receive benefits of Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana ----1 lakh 64, 398 infants and 42, 762 pregnant women vaccinated under mission Indradhanush   

  • In Tamil Nadu, at least 9 people killed in police firing in Tuticorin. The months-long protests for the closure of Vedanta's Sterlite Copper unit in Tuticorin over pollution concerns turned violent on Tuesday, with agitators fighting pitched bottles with police, prompting it to open fire in which 9 people killed. Hurling stones and setting government vehicles and public property on fire, the agitators went on the rampage in the town. 

  • Emphasizing on the need for integrated approach to clean Ganga, Union Minister for Ganga Rejuvenation Nitin Gadkari said that a clean Ganga will not only be helpful for the environment but will also boost our economy. He said this after inaugurating a workshop on "Ganga and its Biodiversity: Developing a Road Map for Habitat and Species Conservation" in New Delhi.

  • It was a night long shelling from across the border at Jammu International Border Kathua to Akhnoor sectors. Meanwhile, as a precautionary measure, all schools within five kms of the border are closed.  The  incidents of cross border firing and shelling have been reported from almost the entire Indo-Pak International Border along the state, since Tuesday morning. Indian troops are also responding with full force to Pakistan's firing. Meanwhile Home Minister Rajnath Singh has warned Pakistan over the repeated ceasefire violations. He said Indian troops won't fire first but will respond if fired upon. The Home Minister clearly said that India's neighbour does not want peace, and its motives need to be evaluated. The administration has deployed police forces in border areas to help those affected, reach safety. Relief camps have been set up, to ensure those displaced by Pakistan's ceasefire violations face minimum hardship. J&K Chief Minsiter Mehbooba Mufti met those affected and termed their predicament as unfortunate. Pakistan's ceasefire violations in Jammu and Kashmir during the holy Ramzan period have been incessant. Several Pakistan posts and bunkers have been blown up by Indian troops in recent days. But Pakistan has still been directing gunfire and mortar in Arnia, RS Pura sectors apart from villages close to the boundary. Earlier Rajnath Singh warned Pakistan over the repeated ceasefire violations and said Indian troops won't fire first but they will respond, if fired upon.  

  • Civil Aviation Ministry on Tuesday notified the draft of the Passenger Charter. The Passenger charter is open for public consultation and will be operational in a month’s time.  Addressing the media, Civil Aviation minister Jayant Sinha said that the draft lists measures for ensuring safety and security of passengers. This includes refund of the entire ticket fare if flight gets canceled due to airline’s fault and no charges on cancellation of tickets within 24 hours of booking. Though Aadhar will be used for booking of tickets, it has not been made mandatory. The ID shown by the passenger will be added to the database.  The draft also states that Wi-Fi connectivity will be available to passengers after the take off. Airlines will get the permission for Wi-Fi service within 2 months of the application. 

  • Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh has made it clear that soldiers have the right to retaliate any violation of peace and tranquility at the border. Speaking at 16th BSF Investiture ceremony in New Delhi, the Home Minister said that though India is the nation that propagated the call of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam, a neighbour is not mending its ways despite best efforts. He said that the forces are free to give a befitting response of any misadventure and no questions will be asked.  On the occasion, the Home Minister also released a BSF Wives Welfare Association stamp.  He also launched a book named "Happiness and Health: Endeavor towards holistic well being" and "Sipahi ka Safar." He also launched a BWWA "Prahari Sangini" magazine.  The Home Minister also presented the Police Medal for Gallantry and Police Medal for Meritorious Services to the BSF officials. He said that the commendations and medals signify the deep respect and gratitude for the brave soldiers from a grateful country. 

  • After a bevy of challenges that took social media by storm recently, here's another one that will inspire people to stay fit. Union Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore throws a fitness challenge to Indian citizens. On social media, the Minister's posted his Fitness video and Challenged 3 Celebrities. The Olympian challenged cricketer Virat Kohli, actor Hrithik Roshan and badminton player Saina Nehwal to join in.    

  • The outbreak of Nipah virus in Kerala has so far claimed at least ten lives while two persons are still in critical condition.  Union Health Minister JP Nadda is closely monitoring the situation. He has directed for all support to be extended to Kerala in its prevention and management. Following which, a multi-disciplinary Central team from National Centre for Disease Control is presently in Kerala constantly reviewing the situation. He has also urged citizens not to believe in rumors posted on social media and not to spread panic.  With early and efficient containment measures undertaken jointly by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare and Government of Kerala, the outbreak is unlikely to spread. The Virus Research Diagnostic Laboratory at Manipal Hospital and the National Institute of Virology are geared up to meet any diagnostic challenges that may arise. Maharashtra Health Minister Deepak Sawant has made an appeal to the citizens not to panic over Nipah virus. The Maharashtra Government Hospitals are all geared up to tackle it. He said, people with symptoms will be kept in intensive care and isolation. Nipah Virus was first identified in Malaysia and Singapore in 1998. At that time, it was primarily caused in pigs and through them got transferred to humans. A report on precautions one should take to avoid the deadly virus. The outbreak of Nipah virus has resulted in casualties in the state of Kerala, while several people with symptoms are undergoing treatment in various places in the state. This is the first detection in Kerala of the Nipah virus which has a high fatality rate and spreads mainly through bats, pigs and other animals.  According to the World Health Organization, Nipah virus or NiV infection is a newly emerging zoonosis that causes severe disease in both animals and humans. The natural host of the Nipah virus is the fruit bat. It probably spread to humans after they came in contact with pig feces and excretions. The worrying aspect is the ability to virus to spread from one human being to another without direct interaction with primary host.  Some common signs and symptoms of Nipah virus are headache, fever, nausea, dizziness, drowsiness and mental issues such as confusion. These symptoms can last up to 7-10 days.    Diagnosing Nipah Serology- blood tests to see the antibodies Histopathology- microscopic study of tissues PCR- Polymerase Chain Reaction technique to look for viral DNA Virus isolation   Prevention and cure As of now, there is no particular vaccine available for the treatment of Nipah Virus. The only way to treat this virus is through intensive supportive care. Complete quarantine of the cases is also essential to check the spread of virus. 

  • PM Modi, who arrived in Russia Monday morning, held his first informal summit with Putin and discussed a range of bilateral topics, including defence cooperation as well as global issues of common concern. "Farewell, my friend! In a special gesture symbolising our friendship, Russian President #Putin personally bid farewell to PM @narendramodi at the airport at the conclusion of PM's short but successful visit to Russia," External Affairs Ministery spokesperson Raveesh Kumar tweeted. Before leaving for home, the two leaders visited an incubator for gifted children. "PM @narendramodi and Russian President #Putin visited Sirius, an incubator for gifted children and interacted with exceptionally talented young people from all regions of Russia at a Special monthly camp.'  PM Modi said the strategic partnership between India and Russia has now been elevated into a "special privileged strategic partnership" which is a "very big achievement". Prime Minister Modi and the Russian President also took a boat ride from Bocharev Creek to Olympic Park after their informal summit. 

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